LFA Matrix-Phase-II

 

Narrative

Objectively measurable and verifiable indicators

Sources of verification

Assumptions

Development Objectives:

Enhancement of solid waste disposal practices and landfill technology for efficient and effective solid waste landfill management in the Asian region.

 

v     Per country one report on sustainable solid waste disposal practices published and distributed 500 copies to policy makers.

 

v     Reports

v     List of potential users

v     Feed back from various stakeholders and users

 

v      Cooperation of all stakeholders.

v     Wide acceptance and interest of parties involved

Project Objectives:

 

 

 

1.      Technological Aspects:
Identification and development of sustainable, environmentally sound and cost effective solid waste treatment and disposal technologies.

 

 

·     Five  technologies identified related to landfilling practices ( a minimum of 1 per NRI)

·     2 major and 1 minor
research topics carried out per NRI

 

·     Research reports

·     Publications

·     Experimental units

·     Relevant results and dependencies

 

·    Access to the information.

·    Cooperation from stakeholders

·    Successful realization of experiments and data collection

 

2.      Networking among NRIs

Compilation of existing practices of solid waste management and basic information about solid waste organization,
anthology of  training materials, lecture notes, workshop and training programs

 

 

·     Per country 4 (composition/ generation, collection, recycling, and final disposal) issues identified.

·     Per country 2 cities or locations considered for detailed case studies

·     Per country once a year interaction with stakeholders.

·     Per country  20 persons trained on relevant SWM matters

·     At least one mutual exchange of researchers between NRIs per year

 

·     Reports on case studies

·     Publications

·     Workshop reports

·     List of participants

·     List of exchange researcher among NRIs

 

·    Cooperation from stakeholders.

·    Access to information and availability of resources

·    Voluntary participation of involved entities

·    Updated information (secondary data)

3.      Policy and Institutional Aspects:
 
Identification of gaps and recommendation in policy and legislation based on data compilation, technical research and policy dissemination.

 

·     Per country one report on gaps in policies and activities identified.

·     Per country one report on recommendation to overcome shortcomings by applying the research findings

·     Per country one workshop to disseminate the latest findings on sustainable solid waste disposal – mainly targeted to the policy makers, which can be in local language.

 

·     Reports.

·     Seminars /workshops

·     Training program

·     Feedback from stakeholders.

 

·    Availability /access to information.

·    Active participation.

·    Policy identification.


 

 

Narrative

By Whom

Objectively measurable and verifiable indicators

Sources of Verification

Assumptions

Expected Outcome of Objective 1:

Technological Aspects

  1. Research Theme: Issues related to sustainable landfill operation

1.      Continuation of lysimeter studies MSW/ pretreated waste/ open dump Simulation and incorporating monsooning effect on leachate management

 

AIT/ Sri Lanka

(Major)

·     Modification of existing 7 landfill lysimeters operations

·     Reloading at least 2 different input (pretreated waste)

·     Over 42 months data generated on characterization of wastes as a function of time kinetics of waste stabilization

·     Over 42 months data comparison of leachate quality and methane emission rate data

·     Experimental setup

·     Periodic Progress Reports and annual review reports

·     Final Report on recommendations

·     Publications in National/ International Journals, Seminars, Workshops.

 

·     Availability of resources

·     Accuracy of the experiment and monitoring activities

·     Able to simulate actual landfill conditions

 

2.      Lysimeter studies to  simulate aerobic/ anaerobic landfill bioreactor, and incorporating the biological top cover to enhance methane oxidation

 

 

AIT/ Thailand (Major)

·     Construction of  3 lysimeters

·     Modification of existing 2 landfill lysimeters to incorporate biological cover soil layer

·     Landfilling with pretreated wastes of two different origins.

·     Over 42 months data comparison of leachate quality and methane emission rate with methane oxidation cover layer

·     Experimental setup

 

·     Periodic Progress Reports and annual review reports

 

·     Final Report on recommendations

 

·     Publications in National/ International Journals, Seminars, Workshops.

 

·     Access to dump sites, MSW at transfer station/landfill sites

·     Availability of resources

·     Accuracy of the experiments and monitoring

·     Abilityle to simulate real landfill conditions

·     Successful realization of experiments and data collection

3.      Lysimeter studies to simulate controlled  dump conditions

 

 

India/AIT (Major)

·     Construction of  4 lysimeters

·     Over 42 months data generated on characterization of wastes as a function of time

·     Over 42 months study of kinetics of waste stabilization

·     Over 42 months analyzing leachate characteristics

·     Over 42 months analyzing fate of refractory organics and growth of plants and earth worms

·     Experimental setup

 

·     Periodic Progress Reports and annual review reports

 

·     Final Report on recommendations

 

·     Publications in National/ International journals, seminars, workshops.

 

·     Access to solid waste dump sites

·     Availability of  information and specific resources

·     Successful realization of experiments and data collection

·     Accuracy of analysis of refractory substances

  1. Research Theme: Pretreatment of various wastes

4.      Optimization of the developed composting system and improvements with odor and fly controls

Sri Lanka (Major)

·     Optimization of 3 different kinds of composting systems by means of kinetic studies

·     Demonstration of methods developed for nuisance and emission control over at least 12 months.

·     Installation of one system by a local authority.

·     Reported and documented reproducible  rapid stabilization phase with increased quantities

·     Reduced odorous gas emissions

·     Nuisance reduction

·     Publications of findings

·     The developed hypothesis on the kinetic study is valid.

·     The filter systems are simple and affordable for developing countries

·     Participation of a local community

5.      Anaerobic digestion of the MSW as pretreatment prior to landfilling

AIT/ Sri Lanka (Major)

·     3 lab scale experimental units established and operated

·     Over 42 months experimental data on kinetic studies collected and assessed

·     Outline and design of one semi-scale reactor developed

·     Progress reports and annul reports

·     Publications of results on International /  National journals and conference proceedings

 

·     Availability of Resources

·     Accuracy of the experiment and monitoring activities

·     Able to simulate actual conditions

6.      Anaerobic leaching / flushing of MSW combined with aerobic/ anaerobic bioreactor  AIT

7.      Anaerobic “dry” fermentation

AIT
(Minor)

·     3 lab scale experimental units established and operated

·     Over 42 months experimental data on kinetic studies collected and assessed

·     Outline and design of one semi-scale reactor developed

·     Progress reports and annul reports

·     Publications of results on International Journals and Conference Proceedings

 

·     Availability of Resources

·     Accuracy of the experiment and monitoring activities

·     Able to simulate actual conditions

·     Successful realization of experiments and data collection

8.      Microbiological characteristics of enriched consortium for methane oxidation

China/

Thailand

·     Over 30 months analyzing and determining various ecological characteristics of micro-organism consortium including optimized temperature, pH and methane content, etc.

 

·     Reports

·     Data compilation

·     Methods developed for characterization

·     Publication of results

· Accuracy of the experiment and available experimental conditions

· Successful realization of experiments and identification.

  1. Research Theme: Landfill emissions treatment

9.      Provide upgraded and cost effective alternative processes for leachate treatment of both young and old leachate

China/

AIT

·     Design of 3 laboratory  scale leachate treatment units

·     Testing of 2 optimized combination processes and operation conditions

·     One joint analysis of treatment efficiency and cost

·     Analysis of leachate quality in effluent

·     Data on efficiencies of the treatment processes reports and publications.

·     Accuracy analysis

·     Able to simulate the actual process

·     Successful realization of experiments and data collection.

10.  Development of low cost natural leachate treatment system using wetland

Thailand/
China/ Sri Lanka (Minor)

·     Construction of one open soil lysimeter in each country

·     Over 36 months experimental data assessment regarding soil characteristics, leachate amount and characteristics, plant growth

·     Experimental set-up

·     Progress report and annual review reports

·     Publications in national/international conference proceedings, journals

 

·     Availability and access to literatures/resources

·     Accuracy of the experiment and monitoring activities

·     Ability to simulate actual landfill conditions

11.  Development of sustainable and enhanced methane oxidation layer for tropical landfill

Thailand (Major) /AIT/
India
 (Minor)

·     Lab scale experiment over 40 months using at least 3 different types of set-ups (combination of soil and plants)

·     3 lysimeter simulation experiments with at least 2 different top cover design (biological)  over 24 months

·     Data evaluation of experiments’ data regarding soil characteristics, methane oxidation rate, microbial activities, plant growth over 24 months

·     Data evaluation and comparison of methane oxidation characteristics with those of research partners i.e. compost material (AIT), soil fraction from dumpsites (India)

·     Experimental set-up

·     Progress report and annual review reports

·     Publications in national/international conference proceedings, journals

 

·     Availability and access to literatures/resources

·     Accuracy of the experiment and monitoring activities

·     Able to simulate actual landfill conditions

·     Co-operation of research partners

·     Reproducibility of plant experiments

12.  Methane and VOC emissions at Landfill sites and open dump in Thailand: Field monitoring, Inventory, incorporating GIS, source identification and other lab scale experiments.

Thailand
/AIT /
 India
(Minor)

·     Selection of a total of 6 different sites for intensive periodical field data collection

·     Assessment of laboratory analysis for 50 samples.

·     GIS information on landfill gas emission over 30 months collected and assessed.

·     Lab-scale modeling on VOC identifications and monitoring over 18 months.

·     Lab scale experiments over 12 months on VOC reduction in landfill gas.

·     Observed data and reports on Methane and VOC emissions.

·     Publication of results

·     Journal publications

·     Access to dumpsites

·     Accuracy of the experiment and monitoring activities

·     Able to simulate actual process

·     Cooperation of research partner

13.  Evaluation of geotechnical and methane oxidation characteristics of soil fraction from dumpsites

India (Minor)

·     Geotechnical and methane oxidation potential of soil fraction of 10 samples from dumpsites analyzed and evaluated

·     Periodic Progress Reports and annual review reports

·     Publications in National/ International  Journals, Seminars, Workshops

·     Access to Solid Waste Dump Sites

·     Availability of Resources

·     Accuracy of analysis

  1. Research Theme: Dumpsite upgrading

14.  Focus on how to reuse and rehabilitate the landfill site and reduce nuisance, pollution and achieve working safety

India (Minor) Sri Lanka (Minor)

·     Over 40 months data generated on characterization of wastes as a function of time for  2 lysimeter and 2 selected dump sites

·     Over 40 months study on kinetics of waste stabilization

·     Over 40 months analyzing leachate characteristics

·     Over 40 months analyzing fate of refractory organics and growth of plants and earth worms

·     Periodic Progress Reports and annual review reports

·     Publications in National/ International  Journals, Seminars, Workshops

·     Access to Solid Waste Dump Sites

·     Availability of Resources

·     Accuracy of analysis

15.  Leachability studies on wastes from the lysimeters/dumpsites at different  state of degradation 

India/

Sri Lanka (Minor)

·     Over 40 months data generated on speciation of heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, mercury, nickel and zinc) in the soil/compost  fraction of different age for 2 lysimeters and 2 selected dump sites

·     Periodic Progress Reports and annual review reports

·     Final Report on recommendations

·     Publications in National/ International  Journals, seminars, workshops

·     Access to solid waste dump items

·     Availability of resources

·     Accuracy of analysis


 

 

Narrative

By Whom

Objectively measurable and verifiable indicators

Sources of verification

Assumptions

Expected Outcome of Objective 2:

Networking among NRIs

Compilation of existing practices of solid waste management and basic information about solid waste organization, anthology of  training materials, lecture notes, workshop and training programs, workshops and  policy dissemination

1.      Formulation of common work methodology for networking.

NRIs / AIT

·      One common methodology established and revised on a mutual (continuous) basis. Adjustment to real situations and findings

·     Guidelines, critical review.

·     Access to relevant and up-to-date information and available resources.

2.      Development of country specific cases studies on MSW landfill management

All NRIs

·     Per country 2 cities or locations investigated in detail.

·     One in depth analysis per country on solid waste management practice.

·     Reports on site visits, questionnaire, and discussion reports.

·     Report on country  specific case studies in Asia

·     Access to the secondary data on municipal solid waste management systems.

3.      Teaching material for graduate and under graduate students and a laboratory manual.

NRIs AIT

·      One set of lecture notes

·      One set of teaching materials

·      One set of laboratory manuals prepared, reviewed and ready for distribution.

·     Book, teaching materials, presentations and laboratory manual

·     Number of literature reviewed

·     List of information collected on selected issues

 

·     Access to the information and available resource.

·     Exchange of the results among NRIs

4.      Solid waste resource collection – Roadmap and website

NRIs AIT

·      One joint webpage with linkages to NRIs’ webpage established and quarterly updated

·      One road map launch for mutual exchange of information, prepared once a year.

·     Road map upgraded version and website

·     Access to the information and available resource.

·     Exchange of the results among NRIs

5.      Disseminate findings by conducting seminars, workshops and short courses.

 

AIT NRIs

·     Per country once a year interaction with stakeholders.

·     Per country and year 20 persons trained on relevant SWM aspects

·     One final national workshop to wrap-up findings

·     Participants, feedback, reports , publications

·     Workshops

·     Seminars

·     Short courses

·     Compilation of R&D work and preparation of publication materials

·     Improvement of curricula at Universities.

·     Active participation by government and private sector organizations.

·     Formulation of a joint curriculum on landfill technology.

·      

  


 

Narrative

By Whom

Objectively measurable and verifiable indicators

Sources of verification

Assumptions

Expected Outcome of Objective 3:

(Policy, Legislation and Institutional Aspects)

1.      Assist in formulating new legislature and policies for MSW with reference to landfill management and management of dumpsites.

NRIs / AIT

·      One common methodology established and revised on a mutual (continuous) basis. Adjustment to real situations and findings

·     Guidelines, critical review.

·     Access to relevant and up-to-date information and available resources.

2.      Development of design criteria and operation guidelines for future landfill management in Asia

All NRIs

·     Per country 2 cities or locations investigated in detail.

·     One in depth analysis per country on solid waste management practice.

·     Reports on site visits, questionnaire, and discussion reports.

·     Report on country  specific case studies in Asia

·     Access to the secondary data on municipal solid waste management systems.

3.      Dissemination of findings to policy makers and government authorities.

NRIs AIT

·      One set of lecture notes

·      One set of teaching materials

·      One set of laboratory manuals prepared, reviewed and ready for distribution.

·     Book, teaching materials, presentations and laboratory manual

·     Number of literature reviewed

·     List of information collected on selected issues

 

·     Access to the information and available resource.

·     Exchange of the results among NRIs